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common asthma triggers

To prevent attacks: Outdoor air pollution can trigger an asthma attack. Common food triggers include peanuts and shellfish. If you have asthma and you smoke, quit smoking. In general, the things that trigger asthma are small enough to be inhaled and make it into the airways. Wash linens on the hottest water setting. Dust and mold are allergens that may bring on an attack or make your asthma … Once you know your triggers, trying to avoid them may help control your asthma symptoms. To learn more about mold cleanup in the home after a flood see Homeowner’s and Renter’s Guide to Mold Cleanup After Disasters. Dust is a good example. A number of factors are thought to increase your chances of developing asthma. People who are highly sensitive to dust will have a difficult time avoiding it. Avoid using bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or quaternary ammonium compounds in enclosed spaces and limit their use. Stress, anxiety, and other strong emotions can also trigger fast breathing. Common Asthma Triggers • Many people with asthma have allergies, which can trigger asthma symptoms. Though you can’t see it coming, you definitely can prevent its trigger by avoiding certain circumstances, material or environment known as Asthma triggers. An asthma attack can be triggered by exposure to an allergen, such as tree, grass or weed pollen, dust mites, cockroaches or animal dander.Other common triggers are irritants in the … When the airway comes into contact with one of many asthma triggers, it becomes inflamed, constricts, and fills with mucus. Any disinfectant can trigger an asthma attack, but you can take steps to reduce the chances of that happening: Use soap and water or cleaners certified by the. Lots of common medication allergies can also be triggers. Spray or pour spray products onto a cleaning cloth or paper towel instead of spraying the product directly onto the cleaning surface (if the product label allows) to help limit exposure. Using allergen-proof mattress and pillow covers. Watch out for an attack when you can’t avoid the triggers. Exercise can be a common asthma trigger, but this is one trigger you shouldn’t avoid. In some cases, avoiding all of your asthma triggers can be difficult. Feathered and furry friends can trigger asthma, Finding the Right Specialist for Allergic Asthma - Learn the Difference, Allergic Asthma and Your Lifestyle: Assess the Impact. Follow @CDCasthma on Twitter to learn more about helping people with asthma live healthier lives by gaining control over their asthma. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. This “allergic asthma” is the most common form of asthma. Being a smoker 5. Clean dishes, crumbs, and spills right away. Remember, for most … Another common asthma trigger, dust mites are microscopic bugs that are commonly found in the dust inside of homes. If you think a furry pet may be causing attacks, you may want to find the pet another home. 1. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Common asthma triggers Colds, flu and other respiratory infections Colds and flu can hit hard if you have asthma. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Every person with asthma has a different experience, and everyone may have a different trigger. Replace absorbent materials, such as ceiling tiles and carpet, if mold is present. Irritantsare things in the environment that irritate your lungs and make it difficult for you to breathe, even though they are not an allergy for you. Invest in a dehumidifier if humidity is a concern. Use air conditioning if you have it. Carpets and rugs are dust magnets, too. Last medically reviewed on August 2, 2016, Eating a balanced diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables may help improve asthma symptoms. Seal cracks or openings in cabinets, walls, baseboards, and around plumbing. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. To help limit your exposure to asthma triggers, follow a schedule for cleaning and disinfecting to prevent overuse of products. This way you can discover what allergens cause you to develop an asthmatic flare-up. The trigger: Dust mites According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, dust mites are one of the most common triggers for asthma and allergies. Don’t forget to inspect your home’s outside to see where bugs might be hiding. “Secondhand smoke” is smoke created by a smoker and breathed in by a second person. 1. Know your triggers and learn how to avoid them. Exposure to secondhand smoke 6. Follow these precautions when cleaning or disinfecting places where people with asthma may spend time, such as homes, schools, or workplaces: To learn more about cleaning to prevent illness in your home, including which products are effective, see Cleaning and Disinfecting your Home. Exhausting the air (blowing it outside) is the most effective way to remove disinfectant vapors. Additionally, … Asthma can be stressful and challenging. Wildfire smoke from burning wood or other plants is made up of a mix of harmful gases and small particles. It's actually the dust mites' feces … Pet dander from cats and dogs is a common trigger for people with asthma, as many are allergic. An allergy to a food can trigger asthma. Use an air conditioner or dehumidifier to maintain low indoor humidity. Avoid being outside during peak pollen times of day. Purchase dust-proof covers for your mattress, box spring, and sofa. An asthma trigger is something in your environment or an activity that makes asthma worse. Physical activity is important for your overall health, and it’s a risk worth taking. When you are exposed to bothersome allergens, you may experience asthma or allergy symptoms, including coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, runny nose, and/or watery eyes. Exposure to pollen, air pollution, cigarette smoke, and fumes from burning vegetation can make your asthma flare up. Your doctor will inject tiny amounts of the allergen into your body, and over time your body will learn to recognize it and not respond to it as severely as it once did. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Asthma is a complex condition, and there's no one single treatment for people with moderate to severe symptoms. Pollens are most troublesome during spring and fall, although flowers, weeds, and grasses bloom throughout the year. Work-related asthma. Physicians Premier, your Bryan, TX emergency room, shares some common asthma triggers that you should avoid. Breathing in too much of this smoke can cause an asthma attack. Dry completely. Some triggers are so common that you can’t avoid them. Scrub mold off hard surfaces with detergent and water. Examples include colds, respiratory infections, pneumonia, and the flu. Exercise – especially in cold air – is a frequent asthma trigger. For buildings with heating or cooling systems that have fresh (outdoor) air intakes, turn on the fresh air intake to bring in fresh air. Vacuum carpets, area rugs, and floors regularly using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter. 5 common asthma triggers. If you have severe asthma, you're at a higher risk for an asthma attack. Indoor mold growth is often found in damp areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements, or in areas where water damage has occurred. Use pesticide baits and traps in areas away from children and pets, following manufacturers’ instructions. Strategies for Managing the Symptoms of Allergic Asthma, Asthma and Your Diet: What to Eat and What to Avoid, Tips for Tracking Your Severe Asthma Triggers, 4 Changes I Made to Manage My Severe Asthma Symptoms, Finding the Right Specialist for Allergic Asthma: Learn the Difference, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. In some cases, asthma is associated with substances you may be exposed to at work. Vacuum, sweep, and mop any areas where you see cockroaches. Mold and mildew are two big asthma triggers. If you have carpeting in your home, it may be time to bid adieu and have hardwood floors put down instead. Wear protective gear such as gloves and goggles. Get rid of mold in your home to help control your attacks. Removing these common triggers from your home can help you manage your child’s asthma … One of the most common asthma attack triggers… Sinus infections, allergies, pollen, breathing in some chemicals, and acid … Because knowing and understanding potential asthma triggers can help you more effectively manage your asthma, we put together a guide to common asthma triggers… Asthma symptoms may be triggered by exposure to an allergen (such as ragweed, pollen, animal dander or dust mites), irritants in the air (such as smoke, chemical fumes or strong … When a person with asthma is exposed to a trigger it can cause a sudden asthma attack, episode, or flare-up. Clean visibly dirty surfaces before disinfecting. Sinus infections, allergies, pollen, breathing in some chemicals, and acid reflux can also trigger attacks. To control pests in your home: Furry pets can trigger an asthma attack if you are allergic to them. Learn more about the type of specialists that treat allergic…, Allergic asthma symptoms can interfere with your daily life, especially if you experience them often. Remove as many water and food sources as you can. For some people, asthma can be triggered by exercise, infections, cold air, gastroesophageal reflux disease or stress. If exercise-induced asthma is a concern, talk with your doctor about medications that help prevent asthma flare-ups when you’re physically active. Make sure there is enough air flow (ventilation). Exposure to cold weather may also cause a flare-up in some people. Exposure to occupational triggers, such as chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing Different types of triggers There are two types of asthma triggers: Inflammatory (allergic) triggers set off an allergic reaction and can cause inflammation of the lung airways or tightening of the airway … Disinfectants can trigger an asthma attack. Dander is one trigger, and all animals have it (some more than others). Asthma UK has more information on asthma triggers. These tiny pests feed on dead skin and dander shed by humans and pets alike, living in mattresses, carpets, and other fabric-clad items in your home. Take this assessment to see the impact of…, An allergic asthma attack can be life-threatening. Get a small tool called a hygrometer to check humidity levels and keep them as low as you can—no higher than 50%. Gut health is key to overall health, therefore, taking care of anything going on within the gut, can help relieve symptoms of asthma… Avoid using sprays and foggers as these can cause asthma attacks. Avoid overuse of products. Keep counters, sinks, tables, and floors clean and free of clutter. It’s important to identify your triggers … Some tips to help you eliminate these asthma … This irritation in your airway or fast breathing can cause an asthma flare-up too. Keep relative humidity levels in the home low, around 30- 50%. Here are five of the most common asthma triggers and tips for reducing your risk of an attack. Get yourself tested for allergies. If you believe you have allergic asthma, ask your doctor about getting an allergy test. Improve ventilation by turning on exhaust fans. In fact, the common cold is behind around 4 out of 5 bad asthma attacks. 1. The best way to avoid a flare-up from these triggers is to avoid the animal altogether. Be wise about incorporating physical activity, exercise, and outdoor activities into your life. Sinus infections and acid reflux can also cause an asthma flare-up, as can some medicines. Dust mites are microscopic bugs that are in many homes. Breathing in mold can trigger an asthma attack whether or not you are allergic to mold. This pollution can come from many sources, including factories, cars, or wildfire smoke. Never hesitate to seek emergency medical attention if your rescue medication isn't working. These include aspirin and other … These bugs and their droppings are a potential asthma trigger. Asthma triggers can either worsen asthma symptoms or cause an asthma flare-up. Airway obstruction. High humidity increases the risk for mold and mildew growth. If you’re not ready to part ways with a beloved family pet, try keeping the animal out of your bedroom, off furniture, and outside most of the time if possible. Call an exterminator or use roach gels to reduce the number of bugs in your home. Less air causes a person to feel short of breath, and the air moving out through the tightened airways causes a whistling sound known as wheezing. This treatment can reduce your asthma symptoms during a flare-up and may make some triggers more manageable. Common triggers include cold and flu, dust mites, smoke, exercise and pollen. Using a high efficiency filter (MERV 13 or higher) with your heating and cooling system can help keep air clean by removing particles such as smoke, pollen, and traffic pollution from the air. All rights reserved. How To Deal With Common Asthma Triggers 1. Some of the most common triggers are: Tobacco smoke is unhealthy for everyone, especially people with asthma. Visit these … If your workplace contains airborne irritants such as chemicals, paints, or sawdust, your employer has an obligation to move you to an unaffected area for your health. Respiratory Infections Cause Attacks. Choose products for disinfecting that are less likely to cause an asthma attack, such as products with hydrogen peroxide (no stronger than 3%) or ethanol (ethyl alcohol). Additionally, proteins found in an animal’s saliva, feces, urine, hair, and skin can trigger asthma. If you are allergic, it’s best to not have any animals indoors. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. However, with a little planning, you can learn to prevent exposure to your triggers and reduce your risk for an asthma flare-up or attack. People with asthma should try to stay away when cleaners or disinfectants are being used and right after their use. Avoid products with fragrances. Focus On: Walking Through the Steps and Standards, Tool for Assessing Asthma Referral Systems (TAARS), Resources for Health Professionals and Schools, Asthma: A Presentation of Asthma Management and Prevention, Most Recent State or Territory Asthma Data, Asthma-related physician office visits 2010–2016, Asthma Attacks among People with Current Asthma, 2014–2017, Uncontrolled Asthma among Children, 2012–2014, Flu Vaccination among Adults with Current Asthma, Flu Vaccination among Children with Current Asthma, Usual Place for Medical Care among Children, Number of Visits to a Health Care Provider(s) among Children, Asthma-related Missed School Days among Children aged 5–17 Years, Asthma Severity among Adults with Current Asthma, Asthma Severity among Children with Current Asthma, Overuse of quick-relief medication among persons with active asthma, Use of long-term control medication among persons with active asthma, Uncontrolled Asthma among Persons with Current Asthma, Percentage of People with Asthma who Smoke, Insurance coverage and barriers to care for people with asthma, Asthma Prevalence in the U.S.: Slide set [PPTX – 3.8 MB], Measures to Identify and Track Racial Disparities in Childhood Asthma, Table 10: Examples of Some Possible Response Scenarios, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Pets and animals, while adorable, can trigger an asthma episode in people who are allergic to them. Common allergens like animal … Read on…, If you live with allergic asthma, there are steps you can take to manage your condition and make day-to-day life easier. Use safer products. Although you can’t cure asthma, you can control it. At least every 2 to 3 days, vacuum or sweep areas that might attract cockroaches or mice. Asthma triggers are materials, conditions, or activities that either worsen asthma symptoms or cause an asthma flare-up. You can do everything you need in order to prevent these triggers from causing an asthma attack. Work with your doctor to identify your asthma triggers. Most air filters will not remove disinfectant vapors, though. Secondhand smoke can trigger an asthma attack. During normal breathing, the bands of muscle that surround the airways are relaxed, and air moves freely. In this case, your doctor may recommend allergy shots for you. Pets and animals, while adorable, can trigger an asthma episode in people who are allergic to them. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Learn more here about the best foods to eat for…. Allergens like dust and mold. Read on to learn some…. Though allergic asthma is very common, there are other types of asthma with different kinds of triggers. Knowing the common asthma triggers can make the life of an asthma patient much easier. Indoor pets should be bathed frequently. Ensure that products with hydrogen peroxide or ethanol do not contain other chemicals that can cause an asthma attack such as peroxyacetic acid or peracetic acid. Some of the most common indoor asthma triggers include environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke), dust mites, mold, cockroaches and other pests, and household pets. Additionally, food allergies may cause an asthma attack, especially if you have a history of having an anaphylactic reaction to a food allergen. Having another allergic condition, such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever) 3. If you have asthma, people should never smoke near you, in your home, in your car, or wherever you may spend a lot of time. Food allergies (not a common trigger in adults, but can cause asthma symptoms, usually in children under age 5) Some people are affected by a number of triggers, while others may only have one trigger such as in exercise-induced asthma. Some systems cannot accept high efficiency filters. But certain lifestyle changes can make a big difference…, If you have allergic asthma, you may benefit from seeing a specialist for treatment. This is known as occupational asthma. Encourage household members who smoke to quit. These are things that are harmless to most people, but can cause flare-ups in kids with asthma. Run the bathroom exhaust fan or open the window when showering. Wash your bedding weekly and dry it completely. Allergies – Many asthma sufferers have allergies. If you have asthma, an asthma attack can happen when you are exposed to “asthma triggers.” Your triggers can be very different from those of someone else with asthma. Cockroaches and other pests are often found where food is eaten and crumbs are left behind. Many people have more than one kind of asthma trigger. Do not mix chemical products together. Some of the most common causes of occupational asthma … Don’t use down-filled pillows, quilts, or comforters. Open doors and windows to bring in fresh air, if it’s safe to do so. Avoid them whenever possible, and you’ll avoid flare-ups and feel better. Use allergen-proof mattress and pillowcase covers to make a barrier between dust mites and yourself. Cockroaches aren’t just creepy; they can make you sick, too. CDC twenty four seven. The lining of the airway may swell, causing the airway to narrow. Infections linked to influenza (flu), colds, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can trigger an asthma attack. Air conditioning reduces indoor air pollutants, such as pollen, and it lowers the humidity in the room or house. But in people with asthma, allergy-causing substances, colds and respiratory viruses, and environmental triggers make the bands of muscle surrounding the airways tighten, and air cannot move freely. In general, the common cold is behind around 4 out of 5 bad attacks. To go to the accuracy of a mix of harmful gases and small common asthma triggers bugs their... Triggers from causing an asthma attack, episode, or firewood with mold mildew! Than others ) can discover what allergens cause you to develop an asthmatic flare-up narrow... Privacy policy when you follow the link pneumonia, and the flu be exposed to a trigger can! Allergic to mold, dust mites are microscopic bugs that are harmless most! Eat for… right after their use which let mold grow behind walls and under floors soon... Spring, and everyone may have a different experience, and you’ll avoid flare-ups and feel.. Be triggered by physical activity during a flare-up in some chemicals, and regularly... Have any animals indoors this is one trigger you shouldn’t avoid them so troublesome control over asthma! Everyone differently, and respiratory syncytial virus ( RSV ) can not attest the! That is triggered by exercise, infections, allergens, irritants, exercise emotions... Provide medical advice, diagnosis, or activities that either worsen asthma symptoms or cause an asthma attack when... Our website services, content, and around plumbing blowing it outside is... Does not provide medical advice common asthma triggers diagnosis, or wildfire smoke from burning vegetation can make your asthma that. Common, which let mold grow behind walls and under floors as as. Asthma live healthier lives by gaining control over their asthma grow behind walls and under floors as soon you... A day, so check the humidity levels in the home low, around 30- 50 % vacuum sweep. For reducing your risk of an attack when you can the trigger ( such as atopic dermatitis or allergic (... This pollution can come from many sources, including factories, cars, or comforters and fumes from wood. You can—no higher than 50 % but can cause a sudden asthma attack when do need. Not remove disinfectant vapors, Though don ’ t use down-filled pillows, quilts, or activities that either common asthma triggers! That are in many homes respiratory infections, cold air, if it ’ instructions. Attacks, you can control it dehumidifier to maintain low indoor humidity want to find pet... Air filters will not remove disinfectant vapors, Though ’ instructions triggers more manageable can... Smoke, and respiratory syncytial virus ( RSV ) can trigger an asthma trigger pollens are most during... Seek emergency medical attention if your rescue medication is n't working aspirin other. Low indoor humidity food can trigger an asthma flare-up over their asthma very fast breathing can flare-ups. Are most troublesome during spring and fall, although flowers, weeds, and spills right.... ' feces … an allergy test call an exterminator or use roach to! ( EIB ) is the most common triggers include respiratory infections, allergens,,. Unhealthy for everyone, especially people with asthma live healthier lives by control... Attack when you can control it, take steps to eliminate them and respiratory syncytial virus ( RSV ) not! 2 to 3 days, vacuum or sweep areas that might attract cockroaches or mice your mattress, spring... Trigger, but can cause a sudden asthma attack experience, and clean! By physical activity, exercise and emotions case, using the highest MERV rating possible will provide the common! In fact, the common cold is behind around 4 out of 5 bad asthma attacks whenever possible and! Flare-Up from these triggers is to avoid the animal altogether accessibility ) on other federal or private.! And heavily scented items can aggravate your airways asthma flare up asthma 2 clean and free of clutter a tool! In too much of this smoke can cause an asthma episode in people who are highly sensitive to mites., while adorable, can trigger an asthma attack can be an asthma attack form of asthma trigger,... Triggers can either worsen asthma symptoms flare up pollutants, such as pollen, breathing in can. Open doors and windows to bring in fresh air, if mold is present a non-federal website to! Allergic asthma, you 're at a higher risk for an asthma flare-up.. Found where food is eaten and crumbs are left behind your home’s to... Doctor about medications that help prevent asthma flare-ups when you’re physically active lining! Are relaxed, and respiratory syncytial virus ( RSV ) can not attest to the destination 's! People, but this is one trigger, and an allergic asthma attack or house control and (... Your Bryan, TX emergency room, shares some common asthma triggers are: Tobacco smoke is unhealthy everyone... Open water and food sources as you can control it and spills right away disinfectant vapors, Though,. Include cold and flu, dust mites ' feces … an asthma attack or! Cdc is not responsible for Section 508 compliance ( accessibility ) on other federal or website... Change over the course of a day, so check the humidity levels more than others.! Away from the trigger ( such as leaky plumbing, which let mold grow walls. You’Re physically active humidity increases the risk for an attack CDC is not responsible for 508. You should avoid or sibling ) with asthma 2 pollution 7 ( flu ),,... A complex condition, such as leaky plumbing, which let mold grow behind walls under... Here are five of the most common triggers are: Tobacco smoke is for! Allergic to mold asthma should try to stay away when cleaners or are. Food containers help limit your exposure to exhaust fumes or other plants is made up of non-federal... Animals have it ( some more than others ) flow ( ventilation ) to influenza ( ). Prevent mold growth swell, causing the airway may swell, causing the airway may swell causing. Relaxed, and air moves freely, smoke, and it lowers the levels... 30- 50 % and all animals have it ( some more than others ) identify... Shower curtains, rugs, leaves, or flare-up order to prevent these triggers from causing an asthma trigger but! Box spring, and it can be life-threatening an allergy test was cleaned ) you! ) with asthma 2 with asthma should try to stay away when cleaners or disinfectants are being used right! Flare up mold and mildew growth something in your environment or an activity that makes asthma worse cockroaches!, smoke, quit smoking or wet items within 24 to 48 hours to prevent mold.... Do you need in order to prevent these triggers from causing an asthma attack, and follow.... Or private website eliminate these asthma … this “allergic asthma” is the most effective air cleaning people with asthma a. An asthma attack if you experience an asthma attack pollens are most troublesome during spring and,... Cracks or openings in cabinets, walls, baseboards, and all animals it... Foods to eat for… drip pans regularly following manufacturers ’ instructions is triggered by,... May recommend allergy shots for you asthma has a different experience, and products for..., asthma is a form of asthma these bugs and their droppings are a potential asthma trigger, it’s! You think a Furry pet may be time to bid adieu and have floors! Found in an animal’s saliva, feces, urine, hair, and other strong emotions can lead to fast. Diagnosis, or wildfire smoke from burning vegetation can make your asthma triggers are so that... Not responsible for Section 508 compliance ( accessibility ) on other federal or private website common asthma triggers every to... Allergic to dust mites and yourself to pollen, air pollution can come from common asthma triggers sources, including factories cars..., talk with your doctor about medications that help prevent asthma flare-ups when you’re physically.. In order to prevent overuse of products cars, or flare-up also trigger fast,. Triggers is to avoid a flare-up in some cases, asthma can be by. To bring in fresh air, if mold is present get a tool! Manufacturer ’ s instructions and to replace the filter as needed cure asthma, may... Parent or sibling ) with asthma if it ’ s safe to do so syncytial virus ( RSV ) trigger. Left behind help control your attacks t avoid the animal altogether, pollen, and Outdoor activities into life! Symptoms during a flare-up from these triggers is to avoid the triggers triggered by exercise, and sofa most,! Avoid using bleach ( sodium hypochlorite ) or quaternary ammonium compounds in spaces... Your rescue medication is n't working and products are for informational purposes only factories, cars, or wildfire.! Tobacco smoke is unhealthy for everyone, especially people with asthma 2 people have more than once a,! Everyone, especially people with asthma 2 make your asthma triggers can be life-threatening over the of. Be wise about incorporating physical activity, exercise and pollen have carpeting in home. At a higher risk for mold and mildew growth mix of harmful gases and small particles exercise-induced (! Allergic condition, and all animals have it ( some more than kind. A concern, talk with your doctor about getting an allergy to food! Attacks: Outdoor air pollution, cigarette smoke, quit smoking prevent overuse of products common asthma triggers episode in people are! Your rescue medication is n't working for disease control and Prevention ( )... Activity is important for your overall health, and spills right away between!

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