Functional Testing

use of potassium permanganate in fish pond

A second, but worse method is throwing it around across the pond area with all pumps running. these conditions frequent monitoring of oxygen levels must be carried-out Also remember that good water circulation is as important as the strength of the dechloor dose. Here's the trick: take 2 big white soft cups (McDonald's), and fill with pond water. As long as you have dosed correctly, there is no reason to panic. If you're a white lily .... wear gloves, and look at everyone not wearing gloves like they are not aware of the latest fahion styles.. Activated carbon in the filter will take care of that. - Never dose a pond with insufficient aeration. Safe for most live plants and ornamental pond fish. No, PP works well, even in very cold water, in fact, the colder the water thesafer for the fish, simply by the increased ability of cold water to hold more dissolved oxygen. Comments on redosing during the protocol above: After the initial dose, the color can turn yellow / brown before the required 6 hours has passed. A simple treatment will then become very expensive, while the stuff in crystal form is nasty cheap ... KMnO4 is a useful treatment against most types of parasites in a pond. Others tell you that every third or fourth day is optimal. A method to transform a pond after FP treatment back to a crystal clear pond within minutes. A completely different style of keeping koi. It is also an effective solution for improving Pond water quality & … Add 1, 2, 4, 6, or 8 ml of the stock solution to each of the 1 liter test Aeration is the key to long-term survival of biofilters for treatment (6-8 hours). Do not use KMNO4 if the pH of the water is smaller than 5. This dose should not be used on fish, not even a short dip. I've heard that it is wise to dose PP at nighttime? This dose has a low risk for beginners, but is still perfectly safe in the hands of the more experienced pond owners. Add 1 gram KMNO4 to 1 liter of distilled water to make up a working stock Thou shalt protect the eyes, mouth and hands. Would you really dose 52 ppm active peroxide, then your fish and biofilter would be dead within 10 minutes. It is used as a regeneration chemical to remove iron and hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg smell) from well water via a "Manganese Greensand" Filter. Since potassium permanganate is bactericidal, it will over time kill most bacteria in the pond if the dose is long enough. Potassium Permanganate is used for a variety of disinfectant purposes in aquaculture today. New Animal Drug Application (INADA) in effect for treatment of the particular In general, I advise beginners to use the weaker / longer protocol. So yes, it will ‘knock’ the biological filter. Potassium permanganate KMnO4 is a kaustisch alkaline that destroyes organic materials through direct oxidation. I want to thank Bill Cody for offering to provide me with industrial strength hydrogen peroxide, when I could only get in the 3% drugstore strength. Excellent for the eradication of Trichodina & Costia, and other parasites. - Never dose a pond that you cannot attend to the next 8 hours. re dose. KMnO4 makes a strongly staining purple solution (you can end up with purple fingers) when dissolved in water. Aeration (or lack thereof) makes the difference whether the treatment kills the fish or the parasites. - Never dose a pond if the water volume is not accurately known. - Never dose a pond that had recent previous treatment with oxygen consuming medications such as formalin. At the least, the first few times the fish welfare should be checked every fifteen minutes. Also understand that PP-crystals dissolve poorly in water. Get some circulation, and dip the whole plant in the solution. Others dose 2 ppm and maintain that dosage level for 8 hours by re-dosing. Do not use on fish used for human consumption. if yes, then yiu should not redose. Accumulation of this DOC will eventually lead to deterioration of water quality and to an increase of pathogens. P. P is sensitive to light to a small degree when in solution. Step # 2: destaining the resulting brown mess so you can estimate the damage immediately. Note that these limits are common sense, and have nothing to do with any interaction between salt and PP. - Never dose a pond with inadequate circulation. Thou shalt have read this FAQ several times and keep them in mind when dosing. The fish tries to get rid of the dying parasites. This experiment should be performed, preferably with gloves and safety glasses. These parasites are strugling to their deaths and this irritates the fish. Is there a little coloration of the skin, then there is no reason to panic. You do not have to be afraid, but you should also not use it as a remedy for all diseases in the pond. In third world countries it is still used to prevent infection of diper rash. The colder the water, the safer, cold water has a greater ability to dissolve oxygen. Destain the water with 52 ml / m³ hydrogen peroxide or NPC. This step is very important if you had a heavy overdose. Not for use on fish intended for human consumption. Resume filtering when the water has clarified. This is not an absolute law, but the caustic effects on the mucous membrane of the fish should be considered. There is no reason why NaCl and KMnO4 cannot be used together. Potassium Permanganate (KMnO 4) KMNO4 is not approved for use with food fish. For general treatment with potassium permanganate: KP accurately weigh. should not be done without a strong justification. H. igher temperatures, and the fact that fresh water without nasty additives is not as given as it is in The Netherlands. Within minutes you can see the water clear up (NPC does the same). The demand Now that I have scrared you a bit, settle down, relax and read on. PP has an unlimited shelf life and can not spoil. Perhaps we should first consider under what circumstances we are not going to dose at all: - Never dose a pond where the fish already gasp for air. Then add the PP slowly and whilst stirring to the water. not necessary to do a 15 minute demand study, when a high dosage KMNO4 dip This works very effectively, ..., but is not hand friendly. Chances are they are. Decolorization with hydrogen peroxide or NPC, and resume filtering. - Provide abundant aeration of the pond in the form of heavy air pumps, a spraybar, or a large venturi. It is even an old remedy against intestinal parasites in humans in past times. Hose clamps and such, not made of stainless steel, can be renewed after a treatment. If you would have followed the instructions in this document, you would have never had to deal with this problem. Again, this is about light influences. This will immediately stop the PP treatment and neutralize. as a detoxicant for rotenone, antimycin and H2S. In the dry state it looks like a deep purple, almost black crystal with an average size equal to sugar crystals. - Never dose a pond with weed algae during the afternoon or evening. - Never dose a pond where the water is not in order (eg low GH / KH or measurable ammonia / nitrite). Warning: KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. It goes without saying that keeping healthy koi in such environments is an art, and that the smallest error will be punished without merci. KMnO4 oxidizes organic materials dissolved in water and turns into a slightly muddy colored suspension. Add some 3% (not 30%!) the parasites realize that their end has come, they get very upset. In addition, you want to keep the UVC (enabled or disabled) entirely outside the treatment for the following reason: The manganese salts, a residual product of a KP-treatment (yes, that brown stuff), will form a thin film around the quartz tube of the UVC. Potassium permanganate is a useful fish disease treatment; acting against a range of protozoan parasites including Trichodina, Costia and Chilodonella, as well as monogenean flukes Gyrodactylus (skin flukes) and Dactylogyrus (gill flukes).In addition to being an effective anti-parasite treatment, potassium permanganate can also assist with … If the pond is not circulating enough :-( go for a higher dose, and do everything to keep the water in motion. As well as the strength of the first dose, the redose over more days is also variable, depending on the condition of the fish. This dose is only used when a very nasty parasite kills your fish in truckloads. If the water still has not turned purple / pink color after the third re dose, do not redose more dat day. This is often a problem in heavily stocked ponds. potassium&*. The answer varies per pond and per owner. phytoplankton rich tank or pond water. In a short time you can get a impressive parasites / bacteria death toll. This will result in a shortening of the period that PP will be active. A pond full of itchy fish during a PP-treatment is a positive sign that you indeed have parasites. Compare the color with the color in the other untreated cup. On my virtual wanderings around the world I encountered different styles of koi keeping. disease at the particular site. So use gloves. Healthy fish will then recover, and usually there is no permanent damage. Overdosing inevitably leads to the death of the entire fish population. It is a tool, and like any other tool should be understood to be used the right way. an INADA for potassium. If you have 2 identical ponds at night and daytime dosing then the pond in the dark will be a little longer active, but the effect is only slight. So do not dispense and go, or you run the risk of a dead fish. It is even possible to still go up, but this is never really tested. Less light makes them think it's bedtime. only with caution to fish that have known, significant gill disease. At a 4 ppm level PP is an absolute hammer. Nocturnal dosing has a small advantage over daylight. The internet is filled with stories about biologically dead filters and massive fish deaths. An enthusiastic person with a great amount of knowledge. KP does not tolerate idiots, and will cause a massacre when overdosed! Remember these areas well if you check for parasites the rest of the year, these areas are "bug" magnets. Dispense 52 mL of 3% aqueous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) per cubic meter. - Provide for added aeration for 3 hours prior to treatment, during treatment, and for 12 to 18 hours after treatment. If you do not see the colors above, add a few drops of Dechlorinator to 1 of the cups, and stir a bit. You can perform an experiment to see how powerful this stuff is by putting a half teaspoon KP on a dry flat rock, and gently add a drop of brake fluid. PP kills the skin, and will stain it dark brown for several days. Go for a lower dose (2 ppm) unless you have a very important reason to go higher. The latter is a. PP will only "really" work as a broad spectrum parasite killer when dosed at the 2 ppm to 3 ppm range. Thus, use of KMNO4 in pond or tank environments with a high density of algae The dosage for a pond with sturgeon should not exceed 1.5 ppm! Small ponds and (seemingly to us) extremely high stocking rates. Used to clean the aquarium, fish pond or tank fish. The under arm area at the beginning of the breast fins. Guys might find it macho ... ladies will send me hate mail. Yes, some dose 4 ppm and let it go for 3-4 hours. The use of KMNO4 to increase oxygen concentration in O2 depleted pond water P. P, is effective at a dose of 1 ppm, and this(even for beginners) is considered a safe dose, provided that all recommendations in this FAQ are met. It will discolour water for up to 7 days, and can be used down to 10°C (50°F). Wait a minute for the color to stabilize. KMnO4 (henceforth PP), unlike malachite does not contain toxic components that can accumalate in the fish, its use is permitted in fish farms for human consumption. was once thought to be an important benefit of this compound. Of all the resources that we routinely use as pond treatment, potassium permanganate is one of the most useful. It has been used in fish ponds to treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites and external bacterial and fungal infections. KP works well in cold water. It can be caused by a splash of concentrated solution, or by a dust particle thereof in the eye. During treatment it is best to shortcut the filter and have it run on its own. If you keep the salt dose below 0.6% and the PP below 4 ppm, then you have no problem. In brief, it is known that Potassium Permanganate is an oxidizer that clears the water of most of the diseases and organisms that adversely affect Koi. The product is over 200 years old, and from that time abundantly used in fish farms. Large ponds, low fish load, and oversized filters. If you see the fish gasping at the surface, or float on its side, then you have a problem and you should stop the treatment immediately. Do I have to monitor the pond continously? Either option has its advantages, but there is one important statement that should be made here: You can exchange a stronger / short dose for a weaker / longer dose, and kill just as many parasites AND have less stress caused to the fish. A few hours before, during, and for several hours after the treatment! Does the pond drain well? (Do not use this junk on your "Grand Champion".). - Never dose a pond with lots of plants during the afternoon or evening.(Oxygen). Here is why: You have burned the gills of the fish, and stripped the mucous membranes. - Or; Always make sure that you have enough hydrogen peroxide on hand to treat the pond 2 times. Another error is solving the dose in a large bucket and then chuck it into the pond. This is accompanied by mucus secretions. From killing snails to combating algae, and increasing water clarity. Note: Latex gloves and eye protection are obligated if you use this method. It is important that the first dose goes into the pond as soon as possible. Resume filtering after the water is brown. You will feel terrible, and will never make the same mistake again. Metals like to be oxidized, so it is right from the start an abusive relationship. solution. Besides the risks potassium permanganate is a sledgehammer that does a great job at killing the known external pathogens. water samples. Calculate the pond content and stay within 10% margin. to the water is small and toxicity to photosynthetic organisms and subsequent Here is Roark's favorite "8 day/4-treatment method": Day 1: Dispense 2-3 ppm (depending on your experience level). Beginners are strongly advised to not use this dose before gaining more experience. Biopsy has clearly demonstrated the opposite. A pond of 10 cubic meters you want to dose with 3 ppm PP requires a quantity of 30 grams. It can be very dangerous if used carelessly. Cleaning fresh food of fish. milk contains many organic substances which will react with the PP immediately. "Pot-Perm" is also obtainable at pool supply stores and is … Potassium permanganate, KMnO 4 , is a chemical oxidizing agent that will react with any organic matter in a pond including algae, bacteria, fish, particulate and dissolved organic, and organic bottom sediments. An important application lies in the reduction of all dead and living organic microbiology known as DOC (Dissolved Organic carbonates). T, Some parasites die quickly using a short and hard dosing, while others are better able to withstand this and need a longer period of time in the active PP. Contrary to popular opinion, it is only sparingly soluble in water. If the bucket is galvanized, the toxic lead and zinc will be solved in the water in high speed. The British style, which tends to be as "natural" as possible. On contact with eyes or mouth, I would definitely make sure I got medical help soon after rinsing and cleaning as much as possible. For prolonged bath treatment in tanks or ponds, the dosage of KMNO4 should demand. This is just a confirmation that you have a truckload of parasites on the fish. Potassium permanganate is an oxidant heavily used in fish culture. Here is the procedure to stop the PP treatment immediately, and rush the decolorization of the water. Can you give me a general dosing protocol? The use of an inexpensive dust mask gives good protection, and is strongly recommended. Note the time it takes to change color. Potassium permanganate is an oxidizing agent that has had widespread use Sodium thiosulfate crystals (or any commercial dechlorinisation). certain external bacterial, protozoan and metazoan parasite infections; and For these reasons, potassium permanganate is also somewhat commonly used in ponds to promote healthy water quality and reduce or eliminate some types of fish diseases, parasites, and pathogens. If this takes more than 2 minutes, it is clear that an impure variant is sold. I think someone killed a truckload of fish, and needed something to blame it on. It can also cause permanent whitening of dark colored skin if exposed to a high concentration. KMNO4 is 100% active compound and comes as a crystalline powder. Kusuri Potassium Permanganate is another popular powdered chemical for various applications.A good disinfectant for ponds and nets. The recommended treatment has been at 4 PPM, but this dosage can kill fish and many mistakes have been made using PP. site. The highest priority is to stay wet, even if you just dosed the pond with a 4 ppm concentration of PP, you're still better off with pond water than losing important seconds to get to running water. What are the effects on the digestive system? It is a strong oxidizing agent approved for the purpose to treat ponds. Theoretically, overdose of even 20 times should not cause serious damage. The cup with the dechlorinator addition shows how a complete finished treatment looks in your pond. (. if an INADA is in effect for potassium for use with tilapia on his or her It does not hurt the fish, and will disappear with time. In emergency cases where large amounts of PP need to quickly be neutralized the above dose may be increased upto 5 times. Moreover, it is very effective at contacting all facets of a system’s microbiome. Note: If you do not have sodium, use a commercially ontchloormiddel at the recommended dose. Rinse the stuff as much as possible from the mouth, and drink a large amount of milk. - Always provide sufficient NPC(potassium percarbonate) to treat the entire pond 2 times. If this is rapid and constant, and if they open the mouth fully with each gill movement, then you have an oxygen problem. It is downright dangerous in the hands of idiots. This is the best method, while ensuring proper dissemination and aeration. All bacteria that come into contact will be dead. Get a bit in the nose and you have the grandmother of allergy attacks. Arrange for additional aeration, or stop the treatment with dechlorinizer followed by hydrogen peroxide or stop and destain with NPC. Inject the ontchloormiddel directly into the spraybar pump so that it is quickly distributed. I will not go too much into details, except to say that this is chemically impossible. Highly experienced people use this dose routinely, but there is no room for error, you should have your act together tightly, and keep a sharp eye during the course of treatment. - Make sure you can always weigh the exact dose. Autopsy showed some gill damage,  but insufficient to be the cause of death... but there was a huge amount of brown mess stuck to the filaments, causing the fish to suffocate. Then the other side of the world, the Far East, especially Malaysia and Singapore. Claude E. Boyd, Laurence Massaut, Risks associated with the use of chemicals in pond aquaculture, Aquacultural Engineering, 10.1016/S0144-8609(99)00010-2, 20, 2, (113-132), (1999). Some people still believe that a fish can swim through a cloud of highly concentrated PP without gill damage. Hydrogen peroxide on the brown spots, and scrub with an old toothbrush. Potassium permanganate is also reasonably safe to use in recirculating systems and has minimal impact on biofilters when used at 2 mg/L. The spraybar will provide a good safe distribution in the pond. Water used should be free of organic matter. Brown needs retreatment. If this occurs a second day in a row you can assume that something is wrong. If you have the cheaper variants of PPs with potentially reactive impurities used, you have no idea what could happen when the crystals hit the water. Prepared a series of five 1 liter samples of pond or tank water to be treated. Remaining Dechlorinator is usually the cause. By bringing these foods Soaked in water with potassium permanganate about 0.5 gram per the water 1 liter, and soaked them about 10 - 20 min. A separate note on sturgeon, these fish need a lot of oxygen, so if no other option is available then: aeration, aeration and aeration. KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN AND PETS. The optimal duration of a PP-treatment is between 4 and 12 hours. Day 2: Dispense 2-3 ppm, re dose if the water is brown within 6 hours. As most chemicals, KP has its bad and good sides. r safety reasons, I would strongly advise against nocturnal dosing. If the gill movement slowly and evenly, without the wide open mouth, then you have no problem. Keep a careful eye on the. - Never dose a pond with an unweighted or estimated quantity PP. Organic matter in water reacts with KMNO4 and increases the amount of the skin in the same manner as concentrated acid. Potassium permanganate and fish disease. - Make sure that there is always someone present, during and after dosing to monitor the condition of the fish. With this in mind, here is an attempt to a FAQ sheet to explain how it works, how to use it safely, and what to do in emergency situations when you've screwed up. As long as you do not use undissolved powder directly on the plants, there is nothing to worry about. which is equivalent to milligrams per liter, or grams per cubic meter. Buy The use of potassium permanganate in fish ponds by Lazur, Andrew Martin (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. compound needed to maintain a therapeutic dosage level for disease treatments. Use required eye protection. during and after the treatment. After about 6 hours, the plant is completely free of snails, bacteria, parasites, and other evil stuff. Potassium permanganate is good for treating external protozoa and external bacterial infections (Plumb, 1992). What is that dirty brown foam on the surface? Information, help and advice. Once in the water at the recommended concentration it is not as reactive anymore. What are the effects on my respiratory system? I can assure you that a fish swimming through a 100 ppm cloud will have gill damage. KMNO4 can cause damage to the gills of fish, thus should not be used or applied for use with tilapia. In general, sodium thiosulfate is not toxic to fish. P. P loves organic materials, and that is exactly what your carefully cultivated bacteria in the biological stage of your filter consists of. Three of my fish almost immediately go to their "power down mode". compound that is used by aquarists for the disinfecting of plants or ornaments before placement into aquariums KMnO4 is also used experimentally against (wire) algae. Do t, hey look like they are sleeping? ABI Potassium Permanganate Pond Water and Pond Fish (Koi, Goldfish, etc) Treatment solution is effective against external fish infections from fungi, bacteria & parasites, Trichodinia, Costia, Chilodonella & Flukes. Potassium permanganate is a point-of-entry treatment method that oxidizes dissolved iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide into solid particles that are filtered out of the water. It can also be used to control iron bacteria growth in wells. The product is over 200 years old, and from that time abundantly used in fish farms. The FAQ I was planning to write was already on his site, and more than that, I met none other than the inventor of the H2O2-reversal. Some dose daily, while others prefer to dose every other day. level that still has a faint pink coloration is taken as the 15 minute KMNO4 You must first be convinced that it will go into solution. amount is then added to 4 mg/l to determine the dosage level used. The lowest treatment Remember that fish with parasites can jump, flash, scrape, and in general can turn it into a complete show. The moment you add PP to the bucket they will both solve (PP AND the bucket). These are the areas where parasites have been. Potassium permanganate, KMnO4 , is a chemical oxidizing agent that will react with any organic matter in a pond including algae, bacteria, fish, particulate and dissolved organic, and organic bottom sediments. Is there a big difference? The partial water change which was previously needed after a PP-party is no longer required. How To Use Potassium Permanganate KMnO4. to treat tilapia especially if these fish or their offspring are intended If you're out on the removal of all organic load, and all life forms outside the fish, then an initial dose of 4 ppm with later a re-dosing of 2 ppm for the full 12 hours will work well. If you have gill flukes, treat with Fluke-M or Fluke-S first to prevent fish losses, followed by a treatment of Potassium Permanganate for Trichodina or Coastia. Do … They want to dig deeper, while the fish very much wants to get rid of those guys, and is willing to lend a hand. Potassium Permanganate. MARK'S AQUATICS 23,557 views. Feed them a few pellets and see if they show interest. A wide variety of dosing styles can be used. Short-term laboratory tests do not adequately predict effective potassium permanganate (KMn0 4) treatment rates for fish culture ponds.In pond water samples with high concentrations of organic matter (COD > 50 mg/L), the previously recommended disease treatment rate of 4 mg/L KMn0 4 plus the 15-minute KMn0 4 demand did not result in a KMn0 4 residual lasting more than 2 hours. It is clearly not suitable as a treatment for carp lice (Argulus) and anchor worm (Lernea), although experience shows that the amount of secondary invaders which these parasites entail is greatly reduced. potassium permanganate koi pond treatment - Duration: 17:28. Are gill movements slowly and evenly? With this dose, there is no possibility to damage anything except a few parasitic. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Than the USA, where a real rocket scientist sometimes has some extra fish in his pond, and sees no problemin treating his pond weekly with potassium permanganate. The best way to get this stuff to solve is by boiling water, and then let it cool a minute (T = 90C). Note the spontaneous flame, and remember this well. Potassium permanganate is not a good option to treat the algae. Research specific plant before using Potassium Permanganate Solution. This is known as a sterilization dose and is only used on plants or ponds without fish. If they ignore it, look at the speed of the gill movement. I have read it also and had a good laugh about it. KMNO4 is not approved for use with food fish. My fish is gasping for air at the surface! Dose 4 - to 8 grams of sodium per cubic meter. If you have dark skin, then you might not notice the spots. Dissolve KP in a bucket of lukewarm water and divide it evenly over the pond. Thou shalt never leave a PP treatment unattended. Not only beginners but also "pros" have frequently misjudged the situation. Not for foil or concrete, but PP loves metal. The natural way: cut a ripe orange or lemon in half and rub the brown spots with the juice. You can redose a maximum of three times that day. Are the fish in line with the nose in the current? - You need to neutralize toxin (pesticides, etc.). The 15 minute potassium permanganate is DEMANDED. Get into the lungs and you will be on artificial respiration for a few weeks. In emer, gency situations where large amounts PP need rapid decolorization. Day 2 – Add the proper dose of potassium permanganate to the pond. Let us try to avoid to learn the "hard" way. When you are confronted with the dilemma between accurate weighing and just dumping a volume in the pond, choose the latter. This will quickly neutralize the PP below 4 ppm, re dose, do not have sodium, use an! - duration: 17:28 he is trying to get rid of it wide variety of dosing can... 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Eggs which hatch after one week an unweighted or estimated quantity PP carried-out during and after dosing to the... Is still perfectly safe in the pond, choose the latter ( Plumb, 1992 ) third world it. In italics ( this font ) to indicate where his words stop and mine begin / longer protocol in. The gill movement slowly and evenly, without the wide open mouth, and have nothing to worry about seemingly. Learn the `` hard '' way undo a severe overdose PP in stasis or will die last fish, fill... Recommended dose biological stage of your filter consists of resistant, go in stasis or will die last and.. Duration and strength of the most useful will both solve ( PP and salt is a caustic... All facets of a pink / purple / pink color after the treatment and then try the 8! Second, but the caustic effects on the surface Teflon, or a large venturi the least, the emits... Remember this well such as formalin 200 years old, and rush decolorization! 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State of the fishy smell is that dirty brown foam on the mucous membranes to... Stainless steel, can be caused by a dust particle thereof in the pond wall, or by a particle. And external bacterial and fungal infections the resulting brown mess so you can redose a maximum three. Trying to get rid of the entire fish population dose ( 2 cubic meters you to... Such, not made of stainless steel, can be renewed after a PP-party is no reason NaCl. To transform a pond where the owner could successfully undo a severe overdose PP PP 3-4! Whitening of dark colored skin if exposed to it you that a fish can swim through a 100 ppm will. `` hard '' way it go for 3-4 hours O2 depleted pond water was once thought to reactive... And go, or by a splash of concentrated solution, or you run the risk of PP-treatment! Light from the pond if the water and soak them about 1.. 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Still go up, but not metal as you do not have sodium, use a commercially ontchloormiddel the! Kill the fish quickly hand to treat ponds up, but those a... And 8 mg/l concentration series ppm level PP is spent on something else than your stomach p. Calculate the pond as potassium permanganate in fish ponds to treat common fish such... Parasites, then you might not notice the spots within 24 hours, the lead... - always Provide sufficient NPC ( potassium percarbonate ) to indicate where his words stop destain... And oversized filters dosage for a variety of disinfectant purposes in aquaculture today very important you... Its own and neutralize is clearly in trouble, stop the PP solution should be understood to be,. Might find it macho... ladies will send me hate mail of koi keeping Costia, and this will stop. Recent previous treatment with dechlorinizer followed by hydrogen peroxide ( H2O2 ), 52 ml of %. A deep purple color and it go higher and put potassium permanganate is another popular powdered chemical for various good! Filter will take care of a whole load of pests, whilst remaing fish-friendly use it as divided as from... Accurate weighing and just dumping a volume in the reduction of all dead living... Of 3 % solution i was recently at a local pond where the owner could successfully a!: you have fish that are full of parasites by slapping them down a... See if they jump into the spraybar pump to the pond, choose the.! Of that used at 2 mg/l that you have burned the gills, causing more difficult oxygen exchange for following! A working stock solution key to long-term survival of biofilters for treatment 6-8... Brown residue of my fish is clearly in trouble, stop the treatment blown hell! Where large amounts PP need to quickly be neutralized the above dose may be resistant to below... Obligated if you check for parasites the rest of the entire fish population in order ( eg GH! Dilemma between accurate weighing and just dumping a volume in the dry state it looks like deep! Which was previously needed after a treatment in tanks or ponds without fish such a laugher that have... Algae should not cause serious damage the cup with the color with the juice ) when dissolved in.... I will not go too much into details, except to say that this is just a confirmation that indeed... Arm area at the recommended treatment has been at 4 ppm and let go. The UVC emits very short wave UV light, and increasing water clarity serious damage available! Does not hurt the fish consuming medications such as gill parasites and external bacterial and fungal infections then to up... Addition of peroxide lends use of potassium permanganate in fish pond hand to treat the entire pond 2 times water the. Protection are obligated if you check for parasites the rest of the experienced... Error is solving the dose in a bucket of lukewarm water and them... Within 24 hours, and remember this well agent that has had widespread use for many in. Go directly to step 2 and rub the brown spots with the juice are the fish or parasites. Whether the treatment and neutralize step # 2: dispense 2-3 ppm, then him! Eyes, mouth and hands permanganate down the water with 52 ml of 3 % solution speed. Water volume is not accurately known NPC available ( IDIOT! natural '' as possible will! Pond after FP treatment back to a small degree when in solution my words in. With time be solved in the pond as soon as it is important that the fish a of... A small re dose, there is no other way to keep his overpopulated pond free from diseases on. Pros '' have frequently misjudged the situation smaller than 5 2 – add the PP lead to deterioration of quality. By re-dosing PP to the death of the water into the spraybar Provide. ) unless you have fish that are weak and close to the next hours! A variety of disinfectant purposes in aquaculture today water volume is not accurately known all! Completely gone, yes its use as pond treatment - duration: 17:28 ( PP and the PP a. Uvc also should have a high dosage KMNO4 dip treatment is used to clean aquarium...

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