Impacts of Christchurch Earthquake In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. , Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. ", While both the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes occurred on "blind" or unknown faults, New Zealand's Earthquake Commission had, in a 1991 report, predicted moderate earthquakes in Canterbury with the likelihood of associated liquefaction. , Australia has offered help, and immediately sent a search and rescue team of 70 from New South Wales on a RAAF C-130 Hercules. , At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. (2015). The Civic, the council's third home, was heavily damaged in February and was demolished. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises. Buildings were also already weakened from the previous quakes.  Liquefaction was significantly greater than that of the 2010 quake, causing the upwelling of more than 200,000 tonnes of silt which needed to be cleared. It will be dismantled, if possible, and perhaps re-constructed. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 07:34.  The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction, with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3 mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6 mi) deep. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. The Department of Building and Housing also released a plan for the construction of 500 modular homes.  Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days, and to 95% within two weeks.  The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch, New Zealand's second-most populous city.  The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world, and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake, and the highest in a vertical direction. , The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs.  China sent a 10-member specialist rescue team. The 4.5 magnitude quake hit 20km south-west of Christchurch about 7:26 am on Friday morning. (A complete list of the deceased can be found on the New Zealand Police website.) Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. The reason why many scientists suggest that the 2011 Christchurch was an earthquake on its own is that it occurred on a different fault line to the 2010 Christchurch earthquake.  They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. Statistics New Zealand expects Christchurch's population growth rate to return to pre-earthquake levels. The Catholic cathedral of Christchurch, the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, has half collapsed.. At least 65 people have died after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch on New Zealand's South Island, Prime Minister John Key says, with fears that the toll will rise. On one of their journeys, an RAAF Hercules sustained minor damage in an aftershock. NSW Task Force 1, a team of 72 urban search and rescue specialists from New South Wales, Australia was sent to Christchurch on two RAAF C-130J Hercules, arriving 12 hours after the quake.  ", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Television interview with Minister Brownlee on NZ TV One, 24 February 2011 at 19:30 NZT. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. Around 30 million tonnes of ice fell off Tasman Glacier into Tasman Lake, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the epicentre, hitting tour boats with waves 3.5 high. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. Medical staff from the army are being used. The census has been cancelled because people living in Christchurch have had their lives seriously disrupted.  It was about 5 km underground.  These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. , In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was centered just outside this vibrant city on New Zealand's South Island causing mass devastation.  They were supplemented by 116 soldiers from the Singapore Army, in Christchurch for a training exercise at the time of the earthquake, who assisted in the cordon of the city. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). The last survivor was pulled from the rubble the day after the quake. The New Zealand Red Cross is also involved. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. , Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.. Many of the people trapped in that building were Japanese and other foreign English language students. Christchurch is a highly planned city that is based on a central city square that has four different city … Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … They were due to process much of the March 2011 census of New Zealand. He added that the thoughts and prayers of the Commonwealth were with the citizens of New Zealand, and Christchurch especially.  At 5pm local time Radio New Zealand reported that 80% of the city was without electricity. Rhodes, B., & Becker, L. (2013). The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively.  For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population, which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole.  A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. It was the largest aftershock of the 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake, although it is being regarded as a separate earthquake. , The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. This page was last changed on 2 January 2021, at 00:08. JPMorgan Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake may be US$12 billion. , The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. , In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion. At least 166 people have been confirmed dead with the final death toll expected to be over 200.. Buildings in Lyttelton have been damaged; a fire officer said that 60% of the buildings in the main street have collapsed. ", "Help for Christchurch businesses and workers after earthquake", "Painstaking work continues at devastated buildings", "1240 central Christchurch buildings demolished video", "Christchurch earthquake: Heartbreaking messages from buried daughter", "Christchurch quake toll 75, dozens missing", "Christchurch Earthquake: Workers trapped in crushed buildings", "Day 03 field report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3M, "Christchurch earthquake: Collapse of stairwells concerns professor", "Forsyth Barr search ends with no bodies found", "SYNOD VOTES TO RESTORE CHRISTCHURCH CATHEDRAL", "Christ Church Cathedral: Cost to ratepayers revealed", "Milestone reached in Christ Church Cathedral rebuild as design advisers appointed", "Christchurch's tallest hotel 'on brink of collapse, "Little hope of finding survivors at CTV building", "Christchurch earthquake: Demolitions key to CBD access", "Kiwi in line for big payout on quake-damaged office tower", "Demolition of quake-hit PWC building starts", "Dozens killed in New Zealand's 'darkest day, "NZ Christchurch earthquake timeline from NZCity", "Dome of Catholic Cathedral to be removed", "Fate of Catholic Cathedral Still Unknown", "Thousands of Christchurch homes face demolition", Land Zoning Policy and the Residential Red Zone: Responding to land damage and risk to life, "Scores of people killed in Christchurch quake", "Million dollar donation to rebuild Lyttelton Timeball", "Christchurch earthquake: Scenic suburbs 'no place to buy now, "Christchurch quake: Homeowner resigned to devastation", "Cost of Redcliffs School rebuild on Redcliffs Park site grows to $16 million", "Seismologist had hoped time for large shock had passed", "Emergency 111 system knocked out in Southland", "Quake shakes 30m tonnes of ice off glacier", "State of emergency lifted in Christchurch", "Work to identify earthquake victims completed", "Machines signal end of Christchurch earthquake rescue", http://www.police.govt.nz/sites/default/files/publications/christchurch-earthquake-fatalities-locations-map.pdf, "Origins clarified by various NZ Herald victim reports", "Christchurch quake: Emergency Cabinet meeting", "New Zealand Red Cross 2011 Earthquake Appeal", "Christchurch Art Gallery built to highest standard", "Death toll at 75, national emergency declared", "Brownlee to focus solely on quake recovery", "Names of two further victims released in Christchurch Earthquake", "Australian Police contingent to assist local police", "Aussies become NZ cops in quake-hit city", "Police pay tribute to Australian contingent leaving Christchurch", "Aussie police to help stop looting in Christchurch", "Thai DVI team arrives to assist in identifying Christchurch quake victims", "Christchurch earthquake: Search teams leaving no stone unturned", "DPM Teo Offers Assistance in Response to the Earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand", "LA search-rescue heads to site of NZ quake", "LA County Team Preps for Deployment to New Zealand", "World races to aid New Zealand quake rescue", "Japanese search and rescue team races home", "Welsh firefighters join New Zealand earthquake rescue", "Taiwanese rescue team on way to New Zealand", "Christchurch Earthquake: Extra Chinese workers boost foreign aid numbers", "Humanity Greater Than Any Act of Nature", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 6", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 8", "Territorial Force swaps trenching tools for shovels", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 5", "ED staff donated their blood to quake patients", "Patients flock to Australian temporary hospital", "Christchurch earthquake: Latest updates", "LandSAR volunteers join Christchurch relief operation", "Power transformer to be installed in eastern Chch suburbs", "Christchurch earthquake: Power restored to 82 percent of customers", "Default price-quality path annual compliance statement for the year ending 31 March 2012", "65 dead in devastating Christchurch quake", "Christchurch Earthquake: Fire ban in place for Canterbury", "Long wait for some without power, water", "Community Laundry Facilities Set Up Again for Christchurch", "Farmy Army puts away the shovels – for now", "A Job Well Done for Rangiora Earthquake Express", "Prime Minister of Australia – official website", "Strong earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing at least 65", "Pope joins international sympathy for NZ", "Media Advisory: Christchurch thanks Japanese search and rescue", "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the recent earthquake in New Zealand", "N.Z. Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M., Horwood, L.J., & Mulder, R.T. (2015). , The nationalities of the deceased are as follows. The worst happened in February 2011, when a 6.3-magnitude earthquake ripped through Christchurch in the middle of the day – toppling buildings onto … Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. , Several areas in and around Christchurch were deemed infeasible to rebuild due to earthquake damage resulting from soil liquefaction and rockslides. , The Carlton Hotel, a listed heritage building, was undergoing repairs after the September 2010 earthquake damage when the February 2011 earthquake damaged the building further.  (photos) Initial reports said 22 people were in the spire at the time of the collapse. The second civic office building of Christchurch City Council, Our City, had already been damaged in the September earthquake and was heavily braced following the February event. The devastation to Christchurch was massive. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep.  Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. The… The Commission examined issues with specific reference to the Canterbury Television (CTV), Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC), Forsyth Barr and Hotel Grand Chancellor buildings. , Of the 185 victims, 115 people died in the Canterbury Television building alone, while another 18 died in the collapse of PGC House, and eight were killed when masonry fell on Red Bus number 702 in Colombo Street. , New Zealand Prime Minister, John Key, said "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at Parliament is in operation here in Wellington. 115 people died in the building, which housed a TV station, a medical clinic and an English language school.  Between 6,600 and 6,800 people were treated for minor injuries, and Christchurch Hospital alone treated 220 major trauma cases connected to the quake. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. The commission was chaired by High Court judge Justice Mark Cooper with support from two other Commissioners, engineers Sir Ron Carter and Professor Richard Fenwick. The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. not including outlying urban areas from other districts, Christchurch continues to have a significantly larger population over Wellington.. The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. On September 4th 2010 a 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck New Zealand.  In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. , The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.. A recent international visitor to New Zealand's second largest city asked Coralie Winn why there were so many diggers in its centre tearing down buildings. , 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. , China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. People are being asked to use as little water as possible and to collect rainwater.  Alongside regular duties, the police provided security cordons, organised evacuations, supported search and rescue teams, missing persons and family liaison, and organised media briefings and tours of the affected areas. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. New Zealand Herald. , The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes.  The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down.  KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. , New Zealand Cricket's offices were damaged by the earthquake. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 .  This is the highest PGA ever recorded in New Zealand; the highest reading during the September 2010 event was 1.26g, recorded near Darfield.  The New Zealand Red Cross launched an appeal to raise funds to help victims. , The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. The moderate-strength quake hit at 12.36am on Wednesday. One hundred and eighty five people died as a result of the 22 February earthquake.  It is also possible that "seismic lensing" contributed to the ground effect, with the seismic waves rebounding off the hard basalt of the Port Hills back into the city. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery.  By mid-2019 early design and stabilisation work had begun. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. Linwood College and Shirley Boys' High School moved back to their original sites on 1 August (the first day of Term 3), and 13 September 2011 respectively. , Buildings in Lyttelton sustained widespread damage, with a fire officer reporting that 60% of the buildings in the main street had been severely damaged. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression.  On 23 February police decided that the damage was not survivable, and rescue efforts at the building were suspended. The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch, New Zealand's second-most populous city.  The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. , Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. , The chief executive of Statistics New Zealand, Geoff Bascand, announced on 25 February that the national census planned for 8 March 2011 would not take place due to the disruption and displacement of people in the Canterbury region, and also the damage sustained by Statistics New Zealand's buildings in Christchurch, which was scheduled to process much of the census. Buildings have collapsed around Cathedral Square in downtown Christchurch. Click on image for larger PDF version. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town..  80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged. It also happened at lunchtime on a Tuesday compared to before dawn on a Saturday, which meant that more people were outside and in danger of being injured by falling buildings. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. , The UN and the European Union offered assistance. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June.  Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. The New Zealand Fire Service coordinated search and rescue, with support from the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams from New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Japan, Taiwan, China and Singapore, totalling 150 personnel from New Zealand and 429 from overseas. The 2011 earthquake devastated the building, and its fate was soon cast into doubt. Researchers are unable to reliably compare an individual's mental health status to their health status previous to the trauma because they must rely on retrospective self-report.  The reinforced concrete building had been constructed in 1963–1964.  On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. New Zealand Moderate earthquake strikes Christchurch 5:14 am on 23 December 2020 Close to 8000 residents of Christchurch have reported feeling a moderate earthquake this morning, which was a magnitude 3.7 jolt.  Fires were reported at the Canterbury Television (CTV) building.  Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." , Sixty-six Japanese USAR members and three specialist search and rescue dogs arrived in Christchurch within two days of the February earthquake.  The damage on a community can lead members to engage in pro-social behaviors which are driven by empathy and desire to support others who have endured a similar traumatizing experience.  The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax.  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Insurers underwrite their Commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these.... Severely damaged the structure of the buildings in the central city red zone hit Christchurch New.
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