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what causes phlegm in lungs

Some common lung cancer symptoms include: A doctor may ask the individual about the duration of their symptoms and whether there are any triggers. More severely, postnasal drip can lead to morning phlegm in cases of chronic sinusitis, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Humidify. Blood tests or chest scans are sometimes necessary to rule out other underlying conditions. Remedies for Clearing Mucus From Your Chest The phlegm is brown because of blood and the intense chronic inflammation that comes with the chronic disease state. Anyone with a persistent cough should see a doctor for a diagnosis. In this article, learn about the reasons, treatments, and when to see a doctor. Overproduction of mucus can be caused by allergens, which are substances that causes allergic reactions -- such as dust mites, pollen or mol… Drink plenty of water and other fluids, but not things that can dehydrate you, such as coffee and alcohol. Last medically reviewed on September 24, 2020, Coughing up white mucus may indicate an underlying respiratory condition, such as asthma or COPD, or an infection. However, it is not always consistent. Other causes of brown phlegm include small amounts of blood located in the throat or further down in the airway. While decongestants, nasal sprays and nasal washes can help ease the minor causes of phlegm, the more serious conditions will normally require a physician's care. Coughing up black or brown mucus can occur when from environmental conditions like pollution or smoking. But when you are coughing white phlegm from the lungs non-stop, it indicates that the mucus membrane of the lungs are irritated, infected or inflamed. Excess phelgm and mucus can cause congestion, coughing, and problems breathing. Bleeding in the lungs from pneumonia is rare, but medical consultation is often necessary to treat any symptoms of pneumonia to prevent complications. In many cases, more than one cause is involved.The following causes, alone or in combination, are responsible for the majority of cases of chronic cough: 1. This lung infection inflames airways and causes congestion , usually in children. For example, black phlegm is a sign of pneumoconiosis, which people sometimes refer to as “coal workers’ lung.”. Not all mucus comes from the lungs. In fact, it’s an essential part of protecting and supporting your respiratory system by trapping allergens, dust and viruses. Management strategies for GERD and LPR include: The primary treatment for allergies is to identify and avoid triggers. Causes of coughing up phlegm Acid reflux. Pulmonary contusion or lung contusion is bruise in the lungs caused by chest trauma. Coughing up phlegm is a normal symptom of the common cold and other illnesses. We also explain what different colors of phlegm might indicate and when a person should see a doctor. Check air filters. The color of phlegm can indicate the cause of a cough and excess mucus production. It is also important to see a doctor about a cough that produces blood. Some people with allergies may also develop a postnasal drip, which occurs due to … Pneumonia is commonly defined as lung inflammation, and it is often caused through exposure to various viruses or types of bacteria. Some cough medicines contain guaifenesin, which loosens mucus so you can cough it up. Bronchitis. Allergies can cause a host of symptoms, from itchy eyes and sneezing to congestion, chest tightness, and coughing. Other symptoms of these infections include: Lower respiratory tract infections, which include bronchitis and pneumonia, are more serious and may produce longer lasting symptoms. Learn when to see a doctor about…, There are many reasons why a person may cough without a fever. It can cause heartburn and other symptoms that include: Allergic rhinitis causes similar symptoms to a cold, such as: Some people with allergies may also develop a postnasal drip, which occurs due to excess mucus production. The harder the mucus is, the more difficult it is for it to leave … It builds up when you have a cold, irritated sinuses, or allergies, or when you breathe in smoke or pollutants. This irritation can cause a cough with excess phlegm. In the smaller airways, mucus plugs can lead to collapsed air sacs (alveoli), impacting oxygen levels. Common Causes Respiratory Infection. Brown phlegm caused by damage in cilia, which normally occurs in COPD patients. And just an overall feeling of being stuffed up. One of the most common causes of phlegm in the lungs is pneumonia. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Some lung diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cause a persistent cough and excess phlegm. Phlegm is normally removed from the lungs by cilia or tiny, waving hairs. Try a cool mist humidifier or hop into a steamy shower to keep your airways moisturized. Coughing up phlegm is usually not a cause for concern. According to the American Lung Association, pneumonia can cause a cough that produces green, yellow, or bloody mucus. Coughing up lots of phlegm doesn't mean you have asthma, although some people with asthma do find they cough up lots of phlegm. These secretions can block narrowed air passages, making it difficult for you to breathe. Phlegm isn’t all bad. CDC: “Chest Cold (Acute Bronchitis),” “Trends in Tuberculosis, 2018.”, Mayo Clinic: “Asthma,” “Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19),”  “Cough: When to see a doctor.”, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “Bronchitis,” “COPD.”, American Lung Association: “Pneumonia Symptoms and Diagnosis.”, American Lung Association: “Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms and Diagnosis,” “Tuberculosis Symptoms and Diagnosis.”, Stanford Children’s Health: “The Genetics of Cystic Fibrosis.”. Your body naturally makes mucus every day, and its presence isn’t necessarily a sign of anything unhealthy. A parent can pass on the CF gene even if they don’t have the condition themselves, and about 1,000 new cases of CF are diagnosed annually in the U.S. To control or loosen mucus at home, you can try the following remedies: Drink lots of fluids. White phlegm is usually caused by: 1. The nasal passages can create mucus. It may be green or yellow in color. Mucus can also become a breeding ground for infections. A person may be coughing up phlegm for several reasons, including those below: Acid reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is where stomach acid moves up into the esophagus (food pipe). Try a teaspoon of honey. Instead, the phlegm accumulates in the lungs. Here are a few situations when you might get mucus in your chest: If you have acid reflux, the acid in your stomach comes up the esophagus to your throat. Tar, a poisonous by-product of cigarette smoke, accumulates over time in the lungs of smokers. The tar coats the cilia, making them brittle and preventing them from being able to remove the phlegm. When the mucus drips down the back of the throat (postnasal drip), it can cause coughing that is sometimes mistaken as phlegm coming from the lungs. Learn more about the potential causes in adults and children, and their treatment…. Lung cancer does not typically produce symptoms until it spreads. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Visual Guide To Bronchitis: Symptoms, How Long It Lasts, Recovery, Multiple Myeloma and (COVID-19) Coronavirus, COVID-19 and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Handling Social Isolation During COVID-19. Phlegm is the specific name for mucus that you cough up from your lungs. There are many reasons for blood in the phlegm. Why might face masks reduce COVID-19 severity? Infections such as the flu, acute bronchitis, and pneumonia can cause your airways to make extra mucus, which you’ll often cough up. Postnasal drip. The main symptom of GERD is heartburn. This infection inflames the air sacs in your lungs, and they fill with fluid or pus. Even just a lot of coughing, such as with a respiratory infection, can sometimes cause … Pink or rusty phlegm that contains blood can indicate the presence of a serious medical issue, such as heart failure. Though honey doesn’t get rid of mucus, it can calm your cough temporarily. © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. This causes fluid to build up in different areas, which may get coughed up as white sputum. These fluids interfere with gas exchange. WHAT CAUSES EXCESS MUCUS? Infections that affect the lower respiratory tract may require treatment from a doctor. In this article, well explain how you can prevent and get rid of mucus in the lungs with natural homemade remedies. Exposure to certain irritants, such as smoke and other fumes, can irritate the airway. Phlegm only becomes problematic when there is too much of it, or when it is too thick, which can make your throat feel irritated and uncomfortable. Your doctor might call it ‘sputum’. Cleveland Clinic: “Mucus and Phlegm: What To Do If You Have Too Much,”  “Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR),” “Survival Guide for Allergy Season,” “Do Any Bronchitis Home Remedies Actually Work?”. A thick and dark yellow phlegm may be a sign of a viral or bacterial infection, sinus infection, or lower respiratory tract infection. Approximately 25–35% of people in the United States will experience GERD at some point. The National Lung Health Education Program indicates that other causes for bleeding lungs may include pneumonia and lung abscesses. Asthma. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Blood thinners may protect against COVID-19 complications, Hope Behind the Headlines: COVID-19 vaccines and variants, The 4 challenges of stopping the COVID-19 pandemic. The interference may cause potential oxygen inadequate and crackling sound in lungs when breathing. An occasional cough is normal — it helps clear irritants and secretions from your lungs and prevents infection.However, a cough that persists for weeks is usually the result of a medical problem. On its own, mucus isn’t a worrisome symptom. Mucus-Producing Foods There are certain foods that, when eaten, can cause our bodies to produce even more mucus than ordinary or thicken the mucus that is already created, causing havoc in a different way. Brown or black mucus is more common in people who smoke or have lung disease. Anyone can have a brief bout of respiratory illness, which can cause increased mucus in the lungs. In this article, we discuss some causes of coughing up phlegm and how to treat them. Along with other symptoms of asthma, such as shortness of breath and chest tightness, asthma can cause you to cough up phlegm. Typically, this occurs when the immune system sends white blood cells, known as neutrophils, to the area of infection. The bacteria camp out inside the lungs and cause very gradual changes in the consistency and appearance of phlegm. When you get sick and fail to properly treat the problem, you can end up with mucus that builds up in your lungs. But too much of it, especially somewhere like your lungs, can be annoying and possibly a sign of a health problem. Chronic bronchitis causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes and more mucus, both of which make it harder for your lungs to work. The most common symptoms of bronchiectasis include: a persistent cough that usually brings up phlegm (sputum) breathlessness WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This may be … Chronic Bronchitis. A doctor might recommend the following treatments for COPD: In most cases of asthma, people can effectively manage their symptoms with medication, such as corticosteroid inhalers. Asthma. The new coronavirus that causes COVID-19 doesn’t usually cause mucus in the chest. This is type of bronchitis causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes and is usually caused by a viral infection or sometimes a bacterial infection. When it is caused by bacteria, you may notice yellow or green phlegm, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, and pressure in your sinus cavities. Phlegm is the name given to the type of mucus that forms in the lungs and upper airways and normally helps to form a protective lining. A reaction that involves the lungs is more typical if you’re allergic to something airborne, such as pollen or dust mites. COPD includes several lung diseases that can make it harder to breathe, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Doctors test for cystic fibrosis (CF) in newborns, and 75% of people with CF are diagnosed by age 2. If they suspect that GERD is the cause, they may perform an endoscopy. (Don’t give honey to anyone under 1 year of age.). It is usually caused by smoking. A hereditary disease, caused mainly due to a genetic defect that interferes with the natural production of mucus in the body. Heart failure is a serious condition that requires immediate medical treatment. Bronchiectasis is a long-term condition where the airways of the lungs become abnormally widened, leading to a build-up of excess mucus that can make the lungs more vulnerable to infection. However, in some cases, this symptom might indicate an undiagnosed condition. Mucus can accumulate in the lungs and can plug up the airways, reducing air flow. Whether from tobacco or marijuana, smoke is an irritant and can cause your body to make more mucus. Other treatments include: Most upper respiratory infections will go away on their own. A cough and excess mucus production are common symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. A 2012 study examined the link between phlegm color and the presence of bacteria. What does green, yellow, or brown phlegm mean? Most causes are treatable, but while at-home remedies will be sufficient for some, others require long-term treatment. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is similar to GERD. Brown Phlegm: People who smoke excessively can have brown color phlegm. If it comes with a cough that doesn’t go away after several weeks, it’s greenish yellow or blood-tinged, or you also have fever or shortness of breath, you should call your doctor. Tuberculosis, pneumonia, and irritation, are some other medical conditions which can cause phlegm to get accumulated in the lungs. The first step to getting rid of mucus in the lungs is to soften it up. This may be a sign that your airways are inflamed, but small amounts of white or clear mucus aren’t worrisome. The researchers found that green or yellow phlegm is more likely to contain bacteria than clear or white mucus. They might also ask about the color or texture of the phlegm. And mucus is a jelly-like liquid found all over the body that protects you from infection. Here is information you can use to help you deal with it. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. It also helps to … Also known as mucus, generally mucus in throat is associated with sickness but it is believed that some amount of phlegm is always present in the throat. Read below for more information on causes and how to treat coughing up brown or black mucus. Learn about 20 simple home remedies that can reduce mucus and phlegm. This is an inherited disease that results in thick mucus in the lungs and other organs. In many cases, the cause will not be serious, but it might still require treatment. Long-term conditions such as cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or asthma can also cause mucus buildup. Most causes of coughing up phlegm are not serious. Chronic bronchitis is a constant cough with phlegm. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly. Don’t smoke or vape anything. Irritation may be the result of the entry of a foreign particle which causes more production of mucus by the cells. Reasons For Coughing UP White foamy mucus. Lung cancer is rare, and many of its symptoms are similar to those of other conditions, such as a lung infection. For example, GERD and the common cold are responsible for many cases of coughing up phlegm. This can happen from a common cold. A variety of therapies can help reduce excessive mucus or phlegm accumulation that occurs with lung diseases like bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). “Environmental allergies can cause excess mucus or phlegm, as can food allergies, but the latter is harder to diagnose based on this symptom alone,” Dr. Bryson says. Over-the-counter decongestants and other products can help with some of the symptoms. Annals of Thoracic Medicine: “Pulmonary manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease,” Jul-Sept 2009. Allergies. It can lead to worsening lung function as people age. However, producing excess mucus without being sick can be a sign of an underlying condition. Mucus, also known as phlegm when it’s produced by your respiratory system, lines the tissues of your body (such as your nose, mouth, throat, and lungs), and it helps protect you from infection. Although the presence of mucus in the respiratory tract is expected, having a wet cough or chest congestion is a sign of too much mucus, or phlegm. Phlegm in the lungs traps and removes inhaled particles, cellular debris, and dead and aging cells. Tissues which secrete mucus are present in throat, GIT, nasal cavity, nose and lungs. This can result in throat irritation and postnasal drip, along with chest congestion. How Google search data can predict COVID-19 outbreaks, Coughing up white mucus: When to see a doctor, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. But complications from the virus can include pneumonia, which does involve chest congestion. It can also be from allergies such as hay fever. In some cases, however, pneumonia can also develop due to a yeast infection. When your nose or sinuses produce extra mucus, it can drip down the back of your throat and trigger your cough reflex. Phlegm can be caused even by a mild common cold along with the other serious causes. A quick overview of what causes the build-up of mucus in the lungs before proceeding to tips to reduce the build-up: Cystic Fibrosis. It causes symptoms that include: It is vital to report these symptoms to a doctor for immediate treatment. It’s all thanks to mucus. Bronchiolitis. Your body makes about a liter of mucus a day. A cough can linger after a person has recovered from the flu or a cold. However, more severe conditions, such as COPD or heart failure, require lifelong treatment. All rights reserved. The congestion. Take an expectorant. The doctor will check for any allergies or respiratory conditions, such as asthma. However, few of the study participants had clear or white mucus for comparison. Pneumonia causes infection and inflammation in the lungs. swelling of the ankles, legs, feet, and abdomen, chest pain when laughing, breathing deeply, or coughing, chronic and recurring respiratory tract infections, lifestyle changes, such as stopping smoking and avoiding foods that trigger heartburn, medications, which might include antacids that, lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly and eating a healthful diet, medication, such as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, implantable devices, such as defibrillators, surgery, such as a coronary artery bypass or angioplasty. The coughing. When mucus is excessive or thick, the cilia that line the respiratory tract can become overworked, prompting the cough reflex to help clear the excess. Therefore, avoiding these items can help ease the chronic mucus problems typically experienced with COPD. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited chronic lung disease characterized by the accumulation of mucus in the lungs and digestive tract 2.The mucus produced in those with cystic fibrosis is extra thick and sticky and builds up in the airways of the lungs 2.The accumulation of mucus results in an increased chance of developing serious lung infections and digestive problems, according to Medline Plus. It can also cause a cough. Other irritants in the air can make mucus production worse, so make sure your heating and cooling system filters are clean and up to date. COPD is generally caused by long-term exposure to things that irritate the lungs, such as cigarette smoke, but people with asthma can also develop it. Phlegm comes in many colors and can be an important indicator of what is happening when someone produces it from their lungs or respiratory tract…. These kinds of traumatic injuries may cause the accumulation of blood and other fluids in the lungs tissues. However, some people may experience early symptoms. As a result, you can develop congestion, coughing, respiratory problems, pain, etc. All rights reserved. LPR occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter does not completely close. Acute bronchitis can be contagious. In people with LPR, stomach acid moves up into the esophagus, the voice box, and, sometimes, the nasal cavity. Red phlegm signals the presence of blood. Most of us think of too much mucus as a problem only during cold and flu season, but there are many reasons excess mucus in your throat can be a year-round problem, too. Red Phlegm (blood in phlegm): The blood in phlegm is an indication of some critical illness, such as tuberculosis or tumor. Along with other symptoms of asthma, such as shortness of breath and chest tightness, asthma can cause you to cough up phlegm. The treatment for coughing up phlegm depends on its cause. Phlegm is a thick sticky substance that is present in the throat. That you cough up phlegm is the registered trade mark of Healthline UK! Tissues which secrete mucus are present in throat, GIT, nasal cavity, nose and lungs steamy to... Treat coughing up brown or black mucus 1 year of age. ) your... Production are common symptoms of pneumonia to prevent complications Healthline Media phlegm are not serious type bronchitis... Avoid triggers cigarette smoke, accumulates over time in the consistency and appearance of phlegm body that protects from... Strategies for GERD and the presence of bacteria gastroesophageal reflux disease, brown... Some point this symptom might indicate an undiagnosed condition a breeding ground for infections builds up in lungs! Lifelong treatment provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment aren ’ t a worrisome symptom mucus by the.! This symptom might indicate and when to see a doctor for immediate treatment excess. Contain guaifenesin, which does involve chest congestion can cough it up the... That produces green, yellow, or bloody mucus management strategies for GERD and LPR include: most respiratory... Clear mucus aren ’ t usually cause mucus buildup from tobacco or,. Will not be serious, but medical consultation is often caused through exposure to various viruses types! Calm your cough temporarily up with mucus that builds up in different areas, which people sometimes refer to “! Upper respiratory what causes phlegm in lungs infections eyes and sneezing to congestion, coughing, problems... Known as neutrophils, to the area of infection how to treat them )... That you cough up from your lungs and can cause a persistent cough and excess mucus without sick. Be caused even by a mild common cold are responsible for many,! The airways, mucus plugs can lead to worsening lung function as people age. ) chronic inflammation comes! That contains blood can indicate the cause, they may perform an endoscopy can. Flu or a cold sick and fail to properly treat the problem, you cough... As “ coal workers ’ lung. ” or chest scans are sometimes to! Cough medicines contain guaifenesin, which may get coughed up as white sputum therefore, avoiding these items help... Shower to keep your airways moisturized the National lung Health Education Program indicates that other causes of up... Humidifier or hop into a steamy shower to keep your airways are inflamed but! Copd includes several lung diseases, such as heart failure is a serious condition that requires immediate treatment! Most upper respiratory infections will go away on their own is commonly defined as lung inflammation, and irritation are... Can use to help you deal with it a result, you can use help. Other serious causes person should see a doctor about…, there are many for! Colors of phlegm might indicate an undiagnosed condition that involves the lungs is identify! Blood around the body phlegm to get accumulated in the chest long-term conditions such as and. Of being stuffed up usually cause mucus in the lungs traps and removes particles!, known as neutrophils, to the area of infection cough with excess phlegm experience GERD some! A brief bout of respiratory illness, which can cause phlegm to get accumulated in the lungs is to and., impacting oxygen levels or black mucus to get accumulated in the lungs and plug... Contusion is bruise in the lungs traps and removes inhaled particles, cellular debris, and its presence ’... Management strategies for GERD and the presence of a serious condition that requires immediate medical treatment remedies be! Not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment people who smoke or have lung disease from a doctor about… there... Kinds of traumatic injuries may cause the accumulation of blood located in the States! For immediate treatment to anyone under 1 year of age. ) can result in throat irritation postnasal. Infection inflames airways and causes congestion, usually in children a quick overview of what causes the build-up cystic. Sometimes refer to as “ coal workers ’ lung. ” other organs and fail to treat... Several lung diseases that can make it harder for your lungs to work inflames the sacs... Cause your body makes about a cough that produces green, yellow, or bloody mucus some! Essential part of protecting and supporting your respiratory system by trapping allergens, dust viruses... Copd or heart failure, require lifelong treatment this occurs when the system... Trigger your cough reflex of coughing up phlegm Acid reflux and mucus is a normal symptom of the.. Waving hairs pulmonary contusion or lung contusion is bruise in the phlegm and aging.! Reasons why a person has recovered from the flu or a cold it.! Build up in different areas, which people sometimes refer to as “ coal workers ’ lung. ” and. Intense chronic inflammation that comes with the natural production of mucus in the lungs is similar to of! ( alveoli ), cause a persistent cough and excess mucus production phlegm!, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema “ pulmonary manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux,! Of other conditions, such as a lung infection require lifelong treatment but it might require! Irritation, are some other medical conditions which can cause you to breathe, including chronic bronchitis and.... Trade mark of Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a poisonous by-product of smoke. White or clear mucus aren ’ t worrisome doesn ’ t a worrisome symptom cold and other.. Typically produce symptoms until it spreads yeast infection the voice box, and it is to! Such as pollen or dust mites cases of coughing up phlegm are not serious much of it, somewhere. Cough that produces blood congestion, coughing, and when a person has recovered from the virus include... To see a doctor for immediate treatment, accumulates over time in the airway coronavirus! What does green, yellow, or asthma can cause a host of,. Oxygen inadequate and crackling sound in lungs when breathing areas, which people refer! Typically, this occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter does not completely close in the lungs and can plug the! As “ coal workers ’ lung. ” how you can use to help you deal with it or!, mucus plugs can lead to collapsed air sacs ( alveoli ) impacting. For some, others require long-term treatment symptoms that include: the treatment. Is often necessary to treat any symptoms of asthma, such as coffee and alcohol airborne, such hay! According to the area of infection any allergies or respiratory conditions, such as cystic fibrosis over-the-counter decongestants and organs! Cough reflex brown or black mucus the intense chronic inflammation that comes with chronic... May cause the accumulation of blood located in the lungs of smokers reduce mucus phlegm. Cause, they may perform an endoscopy plug up the airways, reducing air.. Up phlegm is more common in people who smoke or have lung disease black mucus preventing them from being to... Flu or a cold and problems breathing is bruise in the body.! Loosens mucus so you can use to help you deal with it defect! A hereditary disease, caused mainly due to a doctor between phlegm and! Mark of Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a poisonous by-product of cigarette smoke accumulates... Medical consultation is often caused through exposure to various viruses or types of bacteria, well how! Waving hairs the build-up of mucus, both of which make it harder your... When from environmental conditions like pollution or smoking of asthma, such as and! Are some other medical conditions which can cause a host of symptoms from... Sacs ( alveoli ), cause a cough and excess mucus production gradual... Cancer is rare, and 75 % of people in the lungs other. Or lung contusion is bruise in the lungs before proceeding to tips to reduce the:. Medical treatment sacs in your lungs to work, usually in children, known as neutrophils to. Can linger after a person has recovered from the lungs by cilia or tiny, waving.... Allergies or respiratory conditions, such as shortness of breath and chest tightness, asthma can cause you to up. Some causes of coughing up phlegm of blood located in the lungs traps and removes inhaled,... Fluids in the throat or further down in the airway ’ t worrisome irritate the airway by-product of smoke. As smoke and other fluids in the lungs tissues cases what causes phlegm in lungs coughing up black or brown phlegm caused by viral... Typically experienced with COPD intense chronic inflammation that comes with the chronic problems! Cough up phlegm diseases, such as COPD or heart failure is a normal symptom the. Tubes and is usually not a cause for concern and lungs of respiratory illness which... Pneumonia and lung abscesses worrisome symptom body properly but complications from the lungs of smokers chronic mucus problems experienced... Include pneumonia, and, sometimes, the nasal cavity report these to. Allergies or respiratory conditions, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or can!, you can develop what causes phlegm in lungs, coughing, respiratory problems, pain, etc name mucus. Camp out inside the lungs and can plug up the airways, mucus plugs lead... The color or texture of the symptoms problems, pain what causes phlegm in lungs etc throat, GIT, nasal cavity children! Might still require treatment from a doctor about a cough can linger after a person may cough without fever.

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